Swahili. English is widely understood, and Arabic is prominent on the island of Zanzibar.
Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). Cash is king, though credit cards are accepted in some tourist areas.
Largest City: Dar es Salaam
Population: 56.3 million
Best Known For:
Iconic African safaris in the Serengeti, Mount Kilimanjaro, Zanzibar beaches, Freddie Mercury.
Tropical climate with distinct Dry and Wet seasons. Hottest and most humid near the coast.
Ugali (polenta-like side dish for any meal), Mshikaki (marinated meat cooked over coals), fresh fried potato chips, seafood on Zanzibar.
More About Tanzania
Tanzania was formed with the unification of Tanganyika (mainland Tanzania) and Zanzibar, and the region has a complicated history of control, with Portugal, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Oman all having control at some point. Tanzanians are welcoming people, and the country is one of the safest and most stable in Africa.
The unique geography of Tanzania means that there is a large number of diverse attractions in the country. The north is mountainous and densely forested, and includes the famous Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater, and Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest peak. Arusha, is the main city in this area, and is a great base for exploring the region. Ruaha National Park and the Selous Game Reserve are popular for safari’s in the south-central area of the country, closer to the largest city, Dar es Salaam.
Hot and humid Zanzibar is an exotic island just off the coast from Dar es Salaam. Zanzibar is full of culture, diverse architecture, and unique cuisine, epitomized in the historic capital of Stone Town. You don’t need to stray far to find incredible beaches on the island of Zanzibar to take in an incredible African sunset.